Living in a cold area does not mean that you cannot have balconies, terraces or flower gardens during the winter. There are plants that resist well to low temperatures, today we want to give you some ideas to make your garden more cheerful in winter by revealing what are the flowers to grow in cold areas.
Flowers that we can grow in cold areas
Pansies and violets
Pansies and pansies are able to withstand sub-zero temperatures, offering spectacular blooms. They should be placed in full sun and must be fertilized regularly with a fertilizer rich in phosphorus and potassium.
In rainy areas, add draining material to avoid the creation of puddles: they do not like permanent moisture in the roots. All that remains is to choose between the wonderful color combinations that these two varieties offer us.
We often ignore that cyclamen is bulbous plants that can live long in our homes. As delicate as they may seem, avoid growing them indoors unless they are in an area without heating. It is best to place them outside, in a bright place but without direct sunlight.
In this season of the year, the plants are preparing for flowering, and we can now also help them with a specific fertilizer for flowering plants.
Water them by dipping once a week, immersing the plant in a bucket or in a larger pot for about 10 minutes. With this method, we will avoid that the bulb absorbs too much water, which could lead to putrefaction.
Remove the wilted flowers regularly to encourage the appearance of new flowers. You can easily cut them with your fingers or scissors while remaining as much as possible at the base of the plants, also removing the stem.
White, red, blue, pink, yellow … the primroses will allow us to create colorful and beautiful combinations.
We can place them in full sun or in a very bright place, in order to lengthen their flowering. Remove the wilted flowers regularly and fertilize them approximately every 15 days.
Avoid growing them indoors, especially near heat sources. All the plants we are talking about will grow the best outdoors.
Furthermore, they combine well with the bulbous plants of which we spoke earlier, and it is, therefore, possible to program their sowing and transplanting at the same time.
The vegetable garden in cold areas
Winter is usually a good time to work the land in those areas with clay soils. With the humidity of the rains and the dew, it is easier to move it. Leave it like this, exactly as you dig it, and add some straw that will start to decompose.
In spring, you will notice it softer, and you will appreciate the preparation work that can be done in a few minutes and with minimal effort.
The winter salad varieties (with the thickest leaf) and escarole endure up to -5ºC. Even if with these temperatures their growth slows down, they can be protected with an antifreeze cloth. Cabbages and cabbage will resist very well, indeed, it is even said that with the cold they become better.
Strawberries also resist the cold: protect the pots or the soil with straw and enjoy the color change of their leaves. They will change from dark green to red and in spring they will sprout with force and new leaves that will form inside the rosette.
If instead, you have decided to install a greenhouse, take advantage of the sunny winter days to open doors and windows and change the air.
What to do when it snows on our plants?
The big question is whether we should remove snow from the leaves and branches of our plants. The answer is complicated, as it all depends on the variety of the plant. For example, for plants with “soft” branches, it would be advisable to prevent the weight of the snow from breaking them. In other cases, however, snow can act as protection against subsequent frosts.
The best thing in these situations is to protect the most delicate by placing them undercover and use anti-freeze sheets on top of the rest of the plants. We remind you that they exist in the form of bags (for trees and shrubs) and by the meter for the rest of the plants.