The garden never rests and the autumn months are perfect for continuing to enjoy it. The temperatures are still pleasant and the rains that soften the ground allow us to carry out a series of preparatory works for next spring.
Find out how to renovate the garden in autumn!
Remove the summer vegetables from the garden and transplant the winter ones
The climate of some areas allows to lengthen the season, but usually, most plants have exhausted its production cycle and it is necessary to remove them.
Eliminate the last tomato, pepper and eggplant plants to transplant cabbage and cauliflower, plant beans and peas, fill the vegetable garden with salad and lettuce.
Check the appearance of the roots when extracting them, they should have formed a good bush. Otherwise, your substrate may not be spongy enough, hindering its growth. Before re-sowing, you can lighten it by mixing a little perlite or vermiculite.
Transplant now, don’t wait
It is important to transplant at this time of year. The soil is still warm and allows the seedlings to have time to develop a good root system and grow before the temperatures drop. If you wait to do it and the cold suddenly comes, their growth will be slowed down, the leaves will not develop and you will have cabbage and cauliflowers much smaller than they should be.
Take advantage of the rains that soften the earth to prepare new areas of cultivation, to sow or transplant carrots, radishes, onions, lettuce, escarole, and rocket. It’s time to plant the autumn bulbs.
Some varieties require autumn temperatures to start developing, growing and blooming in spring. To enjoy beautiful tulips, hyacinths and daffodils, remember that you will have to plant them at a depth of two or three times their height, and with the tip pointing upwards.
Group the colors and plant distinct varieties so that when they bloom you can have continuous flowering. Sow half of the tulips now and the rest in a couple of weeks, for example, so that they don’t all bloom together.
Bulb planters are tools that will allow you to better control the depth of sowing. They include a ladder with centimeters so that when you plant them in the ground you will know how deep you are doing it.
If you have never seen one in operation, know that they are very easy to use: it grasps the handle (which includes a kind of button) that slightly opens the base of the instrument. You dig in the ground until you reach the desired depth and you can then press the button. The base will close so that when you remove the tool from the ground it will have taken a “bite” of earth, which remains inside.
It is really very practical and also allows other users since its diameter is very similar to that of other seasonal plants.
Lawn Care in the fall
Regularly remove the dry leaves that fall on the lawn. The lack of light and the accumulated humidity can favor the arrival of mushrooms or moss. For this same reason, it is advisable to cut it one last time before the cold arrives. A longer leaf will receive more light (even if the sunlight is weaker) and will be more resistant to the appearance of weeds.
If you have room, don’t throw away the dry leaves! Collect them because they can be used to protect the base of fruit trees and shrubs from the arrival of the cold.
Don’t forget about autumn fertilizer
Do you remember when we talked about fertilizers rich in phosphorus and potassium that help flowering? Potassium will also be useful when the cold arrives because it increases the resistance of most plants to frost. Look for one in which the nitrogen (indicated with N) is very low because what we want is to protect our plants and not “wake them up”, for that we will wait for the approach of spring.
The autumn flowers
If you want to continue having a flowered garden or balcony during the fall and winter, buy pansies or violets. They are plants that require good drainage and constant humidity, they adapt well to flower beds, planters or pots. Although they are quite similar, they are distinguished by the size of the flowers (those of the pansies are larger) and by the chromatic range.
The cyclamen we had left in the shade during the summer will begin to sprout. It is a good time to give them the care they deserve. First, it is good to remember that it is a bulbous plant and that when watering you have to distribute the water around the plant, instead of in the center. There is where there is the bulb (round and flattened in shape) that could rot. It is also recommended avoiding the accumulation of water at the base. If you use saucers, remember to empty them between one watering and another.
The secret for beautiful cyclamens is to find a sheltered corner, without drafts, and not excessively exposed to the sun. They will thank you with blooms that continue until late spring.
Asters (colored daisies) are part of the same family as daisies, however, they bloom in autumn. They bear well the low temperatures and for this, they must be fertilized in autumn; they will fill the darkest months of the year with color.