Although we have already talked about how to water plants if u probably want to install a drip irrigation system. Your reasons can be very different: from the need to automate this process to prevent plants from remaining unattended, to optimizing water consumption, or simply for convenience.
So here are some tips, you will see how simple it is to install!
What does a drip irrigation system consist of?
The center of all is the irrigation programmer which must be installed in tap near the vegetable garden or garden and will take care of opening and closing the water according to the programming. It exists in different models and prices, to meet all needs: from those that can manage two distinct areas of the garden to those that can be controlled on the internet through an app.
The programmer runs on batteries and is perfectly resistant to bad weather.
It serves to control two variables:
- the frequency of irrigation (for hours or days)
- the duration (in minutes or hours).
Our advice is to start with an irrigation kit that Includes all that is necessary, to begin with, and can always be expanded, as all the pieces are sold separately.
In the kits, you will find (apart from the programmer), two types of tube: the one with a diameter of 16 mm, which will be the main tube, and the 4 mm one, with which we will bring the water to specific areas or to each of the vessels.
These pipes are watertight, although it is also possible to find on the market those already equipped with holes or dripping wings (which breath along their entire length).
They are available in different sizes and lengths if you want to buy them separately.
What you needed for the installation of a drip irrigation system
- Corner fitting
- Irrigation programmer
- Irrigation kit
- T-shaped fitting
- X-shaped fitting
- Irrigation controller
- Dripper with tip
- 2-way distributor
The connections are made with different plastic parts (always included in the kit): there are “T”, “X”, corner, end caps and even taps to be able to open or close some specific areas according to their own needs.
Start the installation by connecting the programmer directly to the tap.
The pressure reducer, the filter, and the main tube will be connected below (you will find everything included in the kit).
Make and draw a plan for your irrigation system.
It is good to start with a garden or garden plan. Draw where you want the water to go and take measurements to find out how many meters of the main pipe you will need.
Usually, 25 meters of 16mm tubing are included in the kits.
Start by unrolling this tube and distribute it over the space to be covered. Be careful not to bend it in the corners, to help you, use the corner fittings that will facilitate the passage of water without “choking” it.
The T-fittings will be useful for creating the branches to the different areas, which you can close at the end using the special cap.
If your plants are in the ground, you can directly drill a hole in this tube and place the dripper. If, on the other hand, the water has to reach pots or planters, we advise you to use the smaller tube, with a diameter of 4mm.
Here is a similarity that will help you understand better: we can compare the large tube to the arteries of our irrigation system, while the smaller ones will be like the veins that reach all parts of our body.
To better control the amount of water your plants will receive, we use drippers. There are also adjustable and that can even be completely closed. In pots, it is usually advisable to use drippers on a tip, because they are easily positioned in the ground.
As anticipated, it is possible to purchase all the parts separately: pipes, fittings, caps, taps, drippers … There is also the possibility of converting the tap to 2. In this way, we can connect the drip irrigation in one way and, for example, leave the other free to use a hose for watering or simply to continue having a tap.
If necessary, it is also available with 4 outputs .
A few tips before you installing a drip irrigation system
- Don’t leave it for the last day before leaving on vacation. Remember to install it first, in order to test its operation, adjust the duration and periodicity of irrigation according to your needs.
- If you intend to install it in a terrace to water the pots, make sure that the minimum operating time that you can program is one minute. If necessary, it will be better to schedule twice a day than to lose water instead.
- If you need to cut the pipes to insert the fittings, try to make them as straight as possible and insert the pieces all the way down to ensure a watertight seal. In case of difficulty, heat the tube with lighter or hot water. This way the pieces will fit together easily.