Today we will reveal all the secrets to fertilize plants!

One of the most difficult concepts to assimilate when we buy a plant is the need to feed it regularly, which is why today we want to talk about the importance of fertilizer, its food.

Usually, we think that the land of our plants and constant irrigation is more than enough. And it is true if during the first months we bought a lot of soil to transplant it.

This land contains peat or coconut fiber, which are frothy and permeable materials that will support the plant and allow us to retain moisture. Some manufacturers also add perlite, those white balls that look like pyrex pan and that helps make the substrate more spongy.

In the mixture, there is also fertilizer, which can have an organic origin (such as guano, compost or earthworm humus), or inorganic, with substances of mineral origin produced by the chemical industry or deriving from the exploitation of natural deposits of phosphates, potassium, etc.

When we open a lot of new potting soil, in addition to the smell of damp earth, we find white perlite balls, and some unprocessed plant remains such as bark or small twigs.

But even if you don’t see it, the fertilizer is there. We don’t see it because it usually has the same color as the rest of the materials. Probably the confusion of some people derives from this, not seeing it, they do not consider it necessary for feeding plants.

Because nutrients are important

The true feeding of plants occurs mainly through the leaves, with photosynthesis. The roots absorb the nourishment from the earth with water, bringing it up to the leaves, and it is there where these nutrients are transformed into the real nutrition of the plants, which will allow them to grow, have more leaves, give flowers that, in the vegetable garden, they will turn into fruits and seeds, allowing them to develop properly. If the plant does not find the necessary nutrients, it will begin to suffer from deficiencies, to look worse and not to make flowers.

Hence, the need to fertilize regularly, which is nothing more than feeding them.

Which fertilizer do I choose for my plants?

Among the secrets to fertilizing plants is knowing that each plant requires a specific fertilizer, and it is wrong to think that all of them need the same food. For this reason, there are fertilizers specifically formulated for the different types of plants (tomatoes, bonsai, lawn, orchids, etc.). The bases are the same, but the formulation varies according to the percentage of nutrients and the recommended periodicity of application.

The formats are also very varied to allow you to choose the most comfortable one:

  • Liquid: very easy to dissolve in the watering can water
  • Granular: spreads over the soil or mixed with the earth
  • Powder: mixes in the top layer of the soil.

What we need to remember is that fertilizing is just as important as watering regularly. If we do not do this, the land in which we are growing will turn into the place that supports the plant, but without feeding it.

This is the secret of that balcony full of flowers that we so much envy, or the reason why some plants died or became ugly shortly after arriving home.

There may, of course, be other reasons, but if you are just watering them, think that you are only giving her drinks, forgetting to feed them.

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